Oral

1. Characteristic of Rumen Fermentability and Invitro Digestibility of Palm Oil Sludge (Solid) Treated with Pleurotus Fungi

Irma Badarina & Endang Sulistyowati, Departement of livestock husbandary, Agriculture Faculty, Bengkulu University

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Animal feeding and pastures

Summary:

This study was carried out to assess the potential of palm oil sludge (solid) which had been fermented by Pleurotus ostreatus fungi as one of feed resources for ruminant on rumen fermentability and in vitro digestibility (dry matter and organic matter). The design of this research used Completely Randomized Design with three treatments and six replications. The treatments were the length time of Pleurotus fermentation consisted of R0/0 week (before fermentation), 4 weeks fermentation(R1) and 8 weeks fermentation(R2). The results showed that the treatments had no significant effect on rumen pH and in vitro digestibility (P>0.05), but showed significant effect to NH3-N and Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA) production (P<0.05). The mean values of rumen pH, VFA and NH3-N production were in normal range for all treatments. The VFA and NH3-N production were significantly decreased on fermentation treatments (R1 and R2) than R0. There were no significant differences on N-ammonia and VFA production between R1 and R2. The study concluded that palm oil sludge treated with Pleurotus fungi had no negative effect on rumen fermentability and digestibility. Keywords : palm oil sludge, Pleurotus, fermentability, digestibility, in vitro.

2. Fiber Fractionation and In Vitro Digestibility of Forage Under Palm Oil Plantations in Different Sections

Setiawan Martono, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT)

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Animal feeding and pastures

Summary:

This study was conducted to determine the content of fiber fractionation and in vitro digestibility of forage under palm oil plantations in different sections. Sampling of forage is carried out on palm oil plantations aged of 9 years in PT. Buana Karya Bhakti (PT. BKB) located in Tanah Bumbu Regency, South Kalimantan in different (i.e. edge and middle) sections. Sample analysis was carried out at the Laptiab BPPT Feed and Nutrition Technology laboratory, PUSPIPTEK Serpong, South Tangerang. The variables observed were fiber content: neutral detergent fiber (NDF), hemicellulose, acid detergent fiber (ADF), cellulose, lignin and in vitro digestibility: NDF, dry matter, and organic matter. The data obtained were analyzed using independent T-test. The results showed that fiber content of NDF and ADF in the edge and middle sections were not significantly differents, while cellulose content of forage in the edge section (34.5 ± 1,2%) was higher (P<0.01) than that in the middle (32.0 ± 1.7) section, and lignin content of forage in the middle section (15.1 ± 0.6%) was higher (P<0.01) than that in the edge section (10.8 ± 1.0%). In vitro digestibility of NDF, dry matter and organic matter in edge section were 46.5 ± 6.5%; 64.5 ± 2.3 and 66.5 ± 2.2% was higher (P<0.01) than that the middle section (32.8 ± 5.4%; 57.4 ± 3.3% and 61.4 ± 3.3%). It can be concluded that the forage at the edge sections has better nutrient quality and usefulness as ruminant feed.

3. Impact of Oil Palm Cattle Integration on Ganoderma Boninense Distribution and Growth

Sulastri, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT)

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Business Model, Logistics, and the Management of Cattle Oil-Palm Integration

Summary:

Indonesia’s government has implemented cattle-oil palm integration program as an effort to improve national red meat production and reduce beef imports. Oil palm plantation has abundance of biomass for feed and potential land for integration with beef cattle. Cattle help reducing nutrition competition between oil palm and weed, and cattle manure that produced during grazing under oil palm contains organic matter that may contribute to soil fertility. Currently, the information about relationship between the presence of cattle in oil palm plantation and fresh fruit bunch (FFB) productivity is still limited. This study was aimed to evaluate the oil palm FFB productivity under cattle oil palm integration management with extensive system in both PT Fast Forest Development (FFD) in South Kalimantan Province and PT Kalteng Andinipalma Lestari (KAL) in Central Kalimantan Province. Frequency of grazing, oil palm age, soil type and texture, and plant density in each block were the variables that determined blocks selection for data analysis. Data of FFB productivity in grazing and non-grazing area were collected from first harvest until the year 2018. Keywords: cattle manure, organic matter, soil fertility, oil palm productivity, frequency of grazing.

4. Answering Some Issues on OilPalm Productivity and Ganoderma Distribution Regarding OilPalm-Cow Integration System Implementation in Smallholders

Deciyanto Soetopo, Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Challenges and Lesson Learned from Integrated Cattle and Oil Palm System

Summary:

Answering Some Issues on OilPalm Productivity and Ganoderma Distribution Regarding OilPalm-Cow Integration System Implementation in Smallholders. Deciyanto Soetopo Indonesian Centre for Estate Crops Research and Development Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development Ministry of Agriculture ABSTRACT Oilpalm-Cow Integration System (SISKA) implementation is facing some issues concerning the productivity of oilpalm and the spr eading of ganoderma disease, especially in smallholders. The Integration OilPalm-Cows System in smallholders is usually implemented by three models, they are intensive, semi intensive and extensive model. The advantages of the model to the productivity of oilpalm are came from : (1) the cow manure role as organic fertilizer for oilpalm plantation. The manure bring to crops in different ways. following the the models of SISKA. (2) weeds surrounding area plantation taken out and feed by cows would reduce competition of nutrition and moreover reduce weeding labour and application of herbicides which has positive impact to increase farm efficiency and conserve environment. Ganoderma disease known as soil borne and airborne disease is not spread only by soil which brought by feet cows. The disease infected healthy plant by its basidiospores and mycelium. Some factors bring their spores are winds, vehicles, soils, insects, animals, humans, while its mycelium is able to infect healthy crop through roots which connect amongst healthy and unhealthy crops. Therefore, the cows in oilpalm plantation can’t be blamed as main factors of the disease distribution. Key words : Oilpalm, productivity, ganoderma, oilpalm cow integrated systems.

5. Analysis of Cattle Productivity Integrated with Oil Palm Plantations

Endang Baliarti, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Reproduction Management, Animal Health and Animal Welfare in Cattle and Oil-Palm Integration

Summary:

Cattle breeding in Indonesia is still mostly carried out on a small scale in smallholder farmers due to limited land and feed sources. One of the potentials for breeding cattle on a larger scale with the availability of land and feed sources is integrated oil palm plantations. The integrated oil palm system can benefit both commodities. The integrated cattle kept in oil palm plantations require basic studies as a reference in determining maintenance management. Analysis of the environmental conditions of oil palm plantations shows that temperature (25-38,4°C) and humidity (50-94,5%) are in the range that livestock can still tolerate. This is evident from physiological livestock that remains normal during maintenance. Research related to behavioral parameters also showed that there were no deviant changes (P>0,05) in cows with different physiological status (non-pregnant, pregnant, lactation). Seasonal changes that result in a decrease in forage production in the area of oil palm plantations in the dry season does not have an impact on feed consumption (P>0,05) due to the substitution of oil palm leaves, although the time needed for grazing is longer (P<0,01). Livestock can adjust to the conditions of oil palm plantations and changes that occur due to changing seasons are shown from research on the reproductive performance of Bali cattle raised in semi-intensive palm oil plantations, showing good reproductive performance, calving intervals of 386 days, mortality 17-19%, birth weight 12-13kg, and weaning weight (150 days) 60-62kg. It was concluded that oil palm plantations are an area for good livestock breeding.

6. Productivity of Breeding Cows in Palm Oil Plantation-Cattle Integrated Systems under Different Mating Season

Tri Satya Mastuti Widi, Ph.D , Universitas Gadjah Mada

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Reproduction Management, Animal Health and Animal Welfare in Cattle and Oil-Palm Integration

Summary:

Productivity of Breeding Cows in Palm Oil Plantation-Cattle Integrated Systems under Different Mating Season Integrating cattle breeding stocks with palm oil plantation has been widely practised in Indonesia. To optimizing the productivity of cows under extensive system, breeding management becomes one of key success. Seasonal breeding system allows the cows to calving in the relatively same period and minimizing calf mortality rate. This study was aimed to compare the productivity of the weaning calves under different mating systems, which is seasonal mating (SM) and non-seasonal mating (NSM) systems. Data were obtained from palm oil plantation cattle integrated system (POP) in Central Kalimantan (403 Bali x 1792 Brahman cross (BX) in SM) and (335 Bali x 1858 BX in NSM). We analyzed the calf crop, calf mortality, weaning weight and cow’s productivity between different breeds and mating systems. We observed that the calf crop of Bali and BX in SM system were 45.91% and 67.13%, while in NSM were 31.34 % and 41.77%, respectively. Under SM, calf mortalities were 8.65% and 8.40%; while under NSM were 20.45% and 12.42% for Bali and BX, respectively. Weaning weight of Bali and BX were 130.54 and 174.66 kg; and 126.04 and 171.88 kg under SM and NSM respectively. Cow productivity index (CPI) of Bali and BX were 54.74 and 107.41 (SM) and 39.51 and 71.79 (NSM). In their respective breeding system, both breeds of cows performed better under seasonal mating system. Keywords: seasonal breeding system, cattle-palm oil integration, breeding performance, BX cattle, Bali cattle.

7. Mortality Risk Factors of Bali Calf Integrated Cattle and Oil Palm in Muko Muko District 2016 – 2018

Joko Susilo, DVM. M.Sc. AP.Vet, Disease Investigation Centre Of Lampung (Balai Veteriner Lampung), Consultant in PT Nakau Cattle and Oil Palm Plantation, Lampung

Stream: Commercial : Written report and oral presentation

Topic: Reproduction Management, Animal Health and Animal Welfare in Cattle and Oil-Palm Integration

Summary:

Mortality Risk Factors of Bali Calf Integrated Cattle and Oil Palm in Muko Muko District 2016 - 2018 Susilo, J.1, Mirsah, Y.2, Harismah, A.2, District Investigation Centre of Lampung, Indonesia Abstract Indonesia is an agrarian country, which have 10.95 million hectares palm oil plantation is potential to be integrated with cattle farming. District Livestock and Veterinary Service of Muko-Muko reported about increasing mortality rates of Bali calf 2016 to 2018. The objectives investigation to epidemiologically describe the calf mortality and to identify risk factors associated. Investigation team conducted on 12 – 15 November 2018, created focus group discussion for structured questionnaire. Collected data related to calf mortality cases and non-case identified. Faecal calf samples and drinking water source took for laboratorium examination. Case-control study did to compare two groups exposure to risk factors. Data analized: Odds Ratio; 130 calves: 109 cases (83.8%) and non cases 21 (16.2%), calves mortality 2016 (14.6%), 2017 (33%) and 2018 (52.3%).Analized result: not conduct deworming program OR=5.61 (0.17–12.65), calving process in oil palm plantation OR=2.7 (1.04 –7.01) and uncontrol natural breeding OR= 8.79 (3.17–24.42) had risk factors associated with case. Conclution: Bali calf mortality in the district increase, risk factors associated are uncontrolled natural breeding, calving process in palm oil plantation, and not conducted deworming program. To reduce Bali calf mortality, we promote to use controled breeding, to separate 9 month pregnancy dam put in individual barn, to conduct deworming programm for dam and calves. Keyword; Bali calf, palm oil plantation, risk factor, outbreak, livestock

8. Weed Control Clidermia Hirta in Grazing Area

Kuwat, PT. CKS (Medcoagro)

Stream: Commercial : Poster presentation

Topic: Nutrition and Oil-Palm Waste Based Feed

Summary:

In Cattle-Oil Palm Integration System, Clidemia hirta has been detrimental to both the cattle and the oil palm. This experiment was carried out for effective and efficient weed control while maintaining soft grass as animal feed. Spraying method was used using several brands of herbicides available in the plantation warehouse, with certain dosage taking into consideration the cost and the impacts. The herbicides used were Prima up (0.7 ltr/Ha); Primaxon (0.4 ltr/Ha); Prima up + Meta Prima (0.7ltr / Ha + 17.5 gr / Ha); Primaxon + Meta Prima (0.28 ltr / Ha + 17.5 gr / Ha); Meta Prima (52.5 gr / ha); Round Up (0.7 ltr / Ha); Gramaxone (0.54 ltr / Ha); Round Up + Meta Prima (0.48 ltr / Ha + 15gr / Ha); Gramaxone + Meta Prima (0.32 ltr / Ha + 20gr / Ha). The results showed that spraying with single Meta Prima herbicide was able to destroy Clidemia Hirta without disturbing the soft grass at a lower cost.

9. Assessing the Potential for Cattle Palm Integration in Riau: Some Preliminary Results

Christie Chang, University of New England

Stream: Academic : Academic paper and oral presentation

Topic: Challenges and Lesson Learned from Integrated Cattle and Oil Palm System

Summary:

Riau is the leading oil palm producer in Indonesia. Therefore it has the potential to increase cattle production through cattle oil palm integration (ICOP) to meet the increasing demand for beef in the province, as well as reduce the reliance on imports from other islands and overseas. However, there are challenges that could dampen that potential. The objectives of this paper are to review the literature, mainly from Malaysia, on ICOP, and to understand the current situation in Riau based on stakeholder consultation and informant interviews. Preliminary results show that although there is anecdotal evidence supporting ICOP, plantation companies and smallholder farmers in Riau are yet to be convinced of the net financial benefits of an integrated system. Major constraint to adoption identified is relative high profitability from oil palm, as well as uncertainties in sourcing sufficient numbers of cattle either for breeding or fattening purposes, concerns over the spread of oil palm diseases, such as ganoderma, and soil compaction, and the lack of infrastructure in the remote areas for efficient cattle/beef marketing. One key observation from the initial research is that environmental benefit from ICOP, particularly in terms of reductions in herbicide and synthetic fertiliser uses, seems to be more clear-cut than financial benefits/returns, which depend largely on markets and policy settings. Therefore, a “green” business model that places more or equal emphasis on environment benefits warrants consideration, and would lend support to sustainable oil palm initiatives, such as RSPO and ISPO.